G.B. (48 year old woman)
The project participant came to the Centre of psychotherapy and education, complaining of experiencing symptoms of depression. G.B. has been divorced for 10 years and lives with her 13-year old son and her elderly and ill parents. She is employed, and provides financial support to all members of the family.
The project participant had been suffering from insomnia, regular headaches, concentration problems, feelings of hopelessness and sadness, and was unable to control negative thoughts. An additional problem was the disturbed relationship between G.B. and her son who started to have bad school grades and behavioural problems.
The project participant went through 14 sessions of cognitive-behavioural psychotherapy (CBT). The CBT treatment included:
The project participant received advice on how to modify her son’s behaviour. In addition, her son was included in Wings of Hope’s Support in Learning Programme.
After the treatment, G.B. showed an improvement in many areas such as better time management, improved cooperation with her son, and increase in successful conflict resolutions with son. CBT interventions have raised her mood. Targeted work on managing automatic negative thoughts and rigid rules has changed the way the project participant experiences past situations. As a result, she has begun to feel less helpless and incompetent.
Đ.P. (21 year old man)
The project participant lives with his mother in Pale, Istočno Sarajevo. He came to the Centre presenting symptoms of social anxiety. Đ.P.’s father was killed during the war, when the project participant was three months old. When he was 8 years old, he was diagnosed with epilepsy.
The project participant describes his mother as overprotective. Additionally, the lifestyle Đ.P. has due to his epilepsy keeps him away from many social situations.
When he is faced with certain social situation he reacts with high anxiety. He describes the following symptoms: rapid heartbeat, tremoring hands, trembling voice, and flushing.
After the completion of the assessment, the psychologist started treating social anxiety with CBT.
The CBT treatment included:
Management of Anxiety
Exposure to Social Anxiety-Inducing Situations
After the treatment, Đ.P. was able to fulfil his individually set goals, including increased tolerance to anxiety and the ability to socialise with people with decreased anxiety.
Đ.D. (28 year old woman)
An unemployed project participant, who was financially dependent on her husband, came to the Centre presenting symptoms of a panic disorder. The project participant was suffering from panic attacks for four years, but was misdiagnosed by the inefficient healthcare system. After Wings of Hope correctly diagnosed her illness, the psychologist started treating these panic attacks with CBT.
The CBT treatment included:
Exposure to Panic-Inducing Situations
Soon after, Đ.D. reported a decrease in frequency and intensity of panic attacks. As the treatment progressed, the she experienced only minor anxiety and is now able to accomplish different tasks, such as using public transportation and completing different jobs, both inside and outside her home.
L.P. (17 year old man)
A 17 year old male student came to the Centre with his mother, describing symptoms of high anxiety and depression. Their main concern was the student’s self-injurious behaviour (i.e. self-harming), and the risk that he would drop out of high school. After the completion of the assessment, the foundation’s psychologist and psychiatrist started treating L.P.’s depression with cognitive-behavioural psychotherapy. The project participant was involved with the Wings of Hope’s multisystem program that encompassed:
Cognitive-Behavioural Psychotherapy of depression
Support in Learning
Due to the efforts made within the multisystem approach, including support from L.P.’s mother and school, the project participant managed to eliminate the risk of failing the school year, or even dropping out. Self-harming was gradually reduced during the therapy. In addition, on recent self-evaluation questionnaires, L.P. reported his mood as stable. He also indicated that he can regulate his emotions better. The project participant will continue to be treated within the multisystem program until his situation is fully stabilised.